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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  April 15, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: one of the world's most famous religious landmarks, paris'sam medieval notrecathedral, is engulfed by fire, putting centuries of history at risk. then, cleaning up from this weekend's deadly weather. at least eight people are killed after a tornadoes moves across the southern u.s. and, a conversation with 2020 democratic presintial candidate andrew yang. plus, tiger woods makes a triumphant comeback for the ages, with his victory in this weekend's masters tournament. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.
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>> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more.su >> conr cellular. >> financial services firm raymond james. illiam and flora hewlett foundation.
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for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world. at www.hewlett.org.it >> andthe ongoing support of these institutions: and individuals. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for tblic broadcasting. and by contributioyour pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: in paris tonight, there is catastrophe. fire has gutted much of the centuries-old notre dame cathedral, one of the world's great landmarks. the flames broke out late in the
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day and burned into the night. crews struggd to save what they could-- the 800-year-old structure itself, priceless stained glasand religious relics. for the latest, we turn to kate moody. she is a reporter with the french news channel, france 24. kate moody, thank you for going joining us, what's the very latest? we are seeing the firefighters are saying they can save some of the structure? >> absolutely. we're hearing from the french president in just the last few moments, judy, saying the worst has been avoided and that those two dual bell towers so emblematic of notre dame will, in fact, be saved. of course there's no going back from what has been catastrophic fire this evening. t broke out minutes after the cathedral had clos the public around 6:45 local time here, and within miutn, really, the entire roof had been engulfed in flames. wet aw thary tall, about 300-foot spire collating ab an hour into the fire. that was one of the most dramatic images that we'd really
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seen of the evening. then the entire roof, this vaulted woodwork roof that has en really in place since medieval times was engulfed in ames as well and we are rubbed almost entirely, reay destroyed. a small bit of good news, most of the stonework wil be able to stay standing. a lot of people are saying notre dame, as we kno iit, perha gone this evening. >> woodruff: just sickening to watch this for the last few hours. kate, tell us what do we know about the cause, if anything? >> well, there's a lot of stspeculation. f it centers around the fact that notre dame has beende oing an incredibly extensive renovation project for the last few years. it's a 20-year project that was going to be costing over 100 million euros. cracks had started to appear in the foundation and, sothis renovation was done to try toca
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protect thhedral, perhaps ironically what was give then evening, a lot of the discussion centering around this renovation work that was being undergone. now, it has to be said that, because of al wl theork that was happening, some of the artwork that's in notre dame had actually been removed. about a dozen large statutes th were on the roof, fo example, had been removed only last week for cleaning and, s o, so that may have been saved. we are hearing a lot of the artwork thereay have bee saved. the relics of the crown of thorns on display at tre dame, we understand, has been salvaged. we don't know the fate of the very, very famous stained glassh window are in notre dame. they seem to be in tact for now, but, of course, there's no telling what kind of damage the smoke or heat may do to them.re what wearing from french people this evening is absolute sadness about the st is really a national treasure. this is something that 13 million people around toe world comeee every year, but it's a real treasure for the french people as well.
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napoleon was crowned there. charles degault celebrated have it vicry after world war ii. commemorations after the paris rror attacks in 2015. one frechnch hiss torian, wg the flames, saying he feels liks aying goodbye to an old friend e. we're all bereft watching this cap. kate moody, france 24, in paris, thank you.le ans take a closer look at the priceless artistic, religious and cultural historyit at risk,elizabeth lev. she is an american-born art historian now based in rome. s i spoke to herrt time ago via skype. elizabeth lev, tchnk you very or talking with us. what was your reaction wen you first heard about this fire? >> it's a nd of shock that comes from having read about, as an historian, destruction of monuments, the fiat have taken place in monuments hundreds of years ago. i never thought i would live
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through something like this. i never thght that i would personally feethat aration of a work of art that you assumed would always be the, uld see me born, it would see me die. i never thought i would outlive a great work of art. >> wooouff: we dn't know yet, of course, what all had been lst, but what is at stake here? >> there arev seeral hundred fire officers trying to get the works of ah art outf the cathedral. it is the cathedral itself which is a work of art. it's the cathedral itself which is an iconic monent, and that, already, has been seriously oubtedlyand will und submitted more damage before the whole thing iser. >> woodruff: what about what' inside th cathedral? what, of all thereasures there, will be most missed? >> to be perfectly honest, the situation with notre dame is interesting because a great deal of the art was damageduring the french revolution, and more
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was damaged i t 19t 19th century, about 1870. so that church has actually been bereft of its art on many occasions, but it still has some ly splendid pieces. for example, some might find "the choir" which is an incredibly carved u-shaped structure, carved with 14t 14th century stories of the life of jesus. they're painted, they're beautiful. or you have the 17th century magnificent statue whiwch has to neiling sovereigns reminiscent of theichelangelo also in rome. but for the catholic world and the church itself, especially in the week leading up to easter, the greatest loss of the chd ch wove been the loss of the crown of thorns. the thorns that croed jesus' head during his passion, purchased by st. louie 9th in
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the 13th century, lovingly cared for, preserved during the french revolution and venerated by the faiful this day in this cathedral, that would be a terrible loss. >> woodruff: why is it the iconic monument that we allco ize that it is? >> it's an object that's been b there lofore the eiffel tower, long more the church we're used to seeing, tha church has been sitting in the heart of paris, it's where the origin of paris is. it's th wb, the heart of the entire city, and the cathedral built onhat church begun in 1163, carried on through the years, has been the backdrop to all of that amazing history of france that's likely captured the world's imagination. you had napoleon, joan of arc at those steps, you had henry 4t 4th returning to the catholic
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church saying paris is worth a mass on tho steps, and then the lives of all of those millions of parisians that have taken place underneath the beautiful arches. >> woodruff: it's the history of the place that's hard to get ouarms around. we think about the rose windows, the three win dozhee tog but there's just so much more than that. >> well, really, it's a church, first of all, that was -- it began in one peod, it began in the 1100s where they started building a sturdy church with big, round columns, and notre dame was going to be the church of kings, the place where the kings of france would be married, and, so, it grew with greaambitions into this brand-new style called nothing, and it was that church that showedehe world for the vry first time the potential of this new invention called the flying buttress, so that you would seeo so spidery legs from the back of the church but, in the
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interior, it would open the enti building up to windows filled with stained glass that make the most seasoned traveler gasp with awe when they cross the threshold. so these innovations took place in this beautiful, beautiful building. >> woodruff: is there anything, elizabeth lev, you can think of to compare this to?if hat we think is lost here may be lost? >> well, there is actually a verynteresting comparison. july 15th of 1823, the church considered one to haveif the most bea churches in l'me was burned down, the church of st. poutside the walls, it was a vere in paris, and, despite the efforts of firs,efighthe church simply burned down. and the piactures -- gnted not photographs -- but the pictures of the next days of the church missing the roof with half the building destroyed, you i kno
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really looked like this was the end of this iconic amazing building tat had seeso many bill pile grimace and amazing history. but an amazing thing happened, the entire world in 1823 began to contribute and help and they nent architects and they sent money and they materials, and that church was reborn and it's now considered one of our likely beautiful, most beautiful churches in the city of rome. so i think, even though this is a devastating moment for that link with the ancient history of notre dame, we also havthe opportunity of seeing a great new moment of people coming together, which, believe it or not, that's what the word "church" means, people gathered together. so we have a great opportunity to see people gathering togher and see if we can bring that church back to a new life. >> woodruff: well, lt's hope that that can happen after what we are seeing witdh toay's horrible, horrible fire at notre dame.
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elizabeth lev, tha. you very mu >> thank you. >> woodruff: and now more on what this means to the people of france.>> oodruff: we turn now to what this means to the people of france. we turn to the french ambassadot to the united , gérard araud. mr. ambassador, what are you thinking tonight? well, you know, i was - myself, i was surprised by my own reaction when, looking at what was happening in paris, because, suddenly, i rea wlized that crying. suddenly, i have the feeling at a part of myselwas burning, and all the other diplomats and employees of the embassy felt the same emotion. so you can guess that i'm sort of relieved to know that the main structure of the cathedral apparently has been saved. >> woodruff: why does notre dame have such a connecon to the people of france? >> well, acually, to be frank, i likely don't know because i pass by this church a lot of
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times, and i was looking at it d thinking it was great, but it was when it was burning that, suddenly, i realized that, as i said, it was part ofy national identity, part of my history. but as the president, your interlocutor was saying, son may historical facts happened in the church, there was also literature with the very well-known novel by victor thatb all haen reading in france for a long time, but, obviously, it'sart of our naional identity. >> woodruff: and something youst y as a child growing up in france. >> yes, exactly. you know, i read notre dame in
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paris, one day after the liberation, they went naturally to the cathedral to say thank you to gd for the liberation of the country, and all the bells of the cities were ringing. that's also part of ourid tity. >> woodruff: and i think of its role, mr. ambassador, throughout h ttoday, i know the historian michael beschloss tweeted a picture of american g troong through paris, marching in front of notre dame at the time of liberation at the end of world war ii.h so ink of the role it's played in the history you ever country over so many centuries. >> exactly. you know, we have another a experience o major cathedral destroyed, which is the cathedral of france where kings were crowned and wch wa destroyed by the german invaders by 1914. we rebuilt it, and mr. macron said today, you know, i think one hourgo, he said, we
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rebuilt it because the frehnc demanded. and we're going to ask for is support, the aid of all the people of the world. >> woodruff: at a time when, ik, thome people are looking at europe, the meaning ofe europe, eaning of individual countries inside europe, whether it's the european union or any other connection, something like this, in a way, symbolizethe unity of that part of the world, doesn't it? >> yes. i was struck by the messages coming from all ofope, coming also from the u.s., but coming esalpecially frothe leaders of europe, all the religious leaders of europe, you know, really expressing their solidarity, their sadness and saying that notre dame was not only a french masterpiece, but it was also a symbol of the european ciilization. >> woodruff: how much does it matter? as you said, your president
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macron has been just saying in the last few minutes that "we will rebuild." how much does it matter that notre dame is rebuilt as much as it can be? >> well, it's also, i guess, a show ofie rese. i think weent through a hefty ount of problems, of cy sis, of invasion, of wars, but everyo time, you the french people have shown that they are silient. so it has been destroyed. we can't let it be destroyed once more. we have to rebuild it. >> woodruff: and we know, for the caisolic church, i a huge symbol, but what we have been dscussing is it is a symbol that ties a country, a people together. >> exactly. and it's also a symbol becausee we a, you know, just beinning the week which is the most
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sacred moment of the year for the christian so it's also a moment of deep emotion for all the catholics. and as, you know, it has been told, i think that the holy crown of thorns of jesus christ, you know, which wa fortunately,n preserved. >> woodruff: so many of us weep in this country and around the world for your loss. ambassador geérard araud, thank you very much. >> thank you very much. > >> woodruff: in the day's other news, a fierce weather front moved into the northeast after raking the south. in its wake, it left at leastd eight dead, ores of families counting their losses. john yang has our report. >> yang: across parts of east h texas, whees once stood, there is only wreckage. house was just lifted, just scattered over the back
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yard. >> yang: tornadoes flattenedra sevecommunities in the state as violent weather ripped through the south over the weekend. the national weather service confirms at least 16 twisters touched downcross texas, louisiana, mississippi and alabama. one storm reached winds of 136 miles an hour. chris davis is emergency manager for cherokee county, texas. >> is just total devastation it's twisted trees and power lines and many homes destroyed. we had several injuries during is storm. we have had the storms, major storms, where we've had lots ofu deion and lots of power lines and places damaged, but i've never seen them come this fast and tear up this much at one time. >> yang: the victims included brothers jace and dilynn creel in pollok, texas, ages 3 and 8. a tree crashed otheir parents' car, when the family was caught outside in the chaos. neighbor joe spangler tried to help.
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>> i heard someone knocking on my door and it was the lady, the mom, and she was like, "help me, help me!" that's where i noticed that the tree had fallen on the vehicle. when i got down there, i saw the size of the tree and how it was on the car, so i knew that it wasn't a good outcome. >> yang: elsewhere, the stormro system bught driving rain and flash floods. surging water left panicked c peoplinging to rescuers. in srkville, mississippi, tornado warning alarms blared as lightning lit up the sky over mississippi state university.in est monroe, louisiana, lightning struck an unoccupied elementary school, setting it on fire. eafrom there, the damage sas the severe weather front moved north and east. do spun off a possible tor in ohio, tearing up power lines. parts of raleigh, north carolina hke early this morning to destruction, aftvy winds ripped through neighborhoods.
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and, there may be mo to come. forecasters say more than 80 million americans could be affected by new weather fronts movi across the country this week. for the pbs newshour, i'm john yang. >> woodruff: here in washington, the justice department now says that a redacted version of the russia report will be out thursday morning. democrats and so republicans are still calling for the entire report to be made public. attorney general william barr says that he will omit anything involving grand jury material, sensitive intelligence or ongoing investigations, amonghe things. the president declared today that he will send detained migrants to so-called sanctuary cities he had previously said he was still considering the idea. it was unclear whether any federal agencies are actually implementing the policy yet. sanctuary cities limit their cooperation with federal migration authorities. a federal judge in florida has denied bail for a chinese woman
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charged with illegally entering the president's mar-a-lago.lub in flori yujing zhang pled not guilpa today in wes beach. she was arrested last month co the club wituter gear that may have contained malware. in sudan, activists say the military tried today to break up a sit-in outside its headquarters-- then, backed off. no one was hurt. the incident came four days after the military ousted omar al-bashir as president and set up its own transitional council. protesters are demanding a civilian-led government. they kept up the pressure in khartoum today, as soldiers looked on. >> ( translated ): we are staying here in our sit-in and we are not going to leave until all our demands are met, and the sudanese people, whether old or young, are aware.l we wave when our demands are met. >> woodruff: later, the africann
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union that it will suspend sudan as a member, unless the military hands over c power ilian authorities within 15 days. back in this country, actress lori loughlin was arraignedy, tond pled not guilty in a college admissions bribery scandal. neher husband, fashion des mossimo giannulli, entered the same plea. theyllegedly paid $500,000 in bribes to get their two daughters into the university oi southern calif the 2019 pulitzer prere awarded today. the "new york times" and the "wall street journal" each won for their reporttrg on president p. the prize for public service went to the "south florida sun sentinel" for its co of last year's deadly rampage at marjory stoneman douglas high school in parkland, florida. in the arts, richa powers' novel, "the overstory," was honored with the prize for fiction. and, singer aretha franklin was posthumously awarded a special citation for hermpact on american music and culture.
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on wl street today, stocks struggled to make any headway. the dow jones industrial average lost 27 points to close at 26,384. the nasdaq fell eight points, and the s&p 500 slipped one. and, they ran the boston marathon today, for the 123rd time-- and the results could noe haeen more different. for the men, it was a sprint to the finish, asenya's lawrence cherono won by just a few steps among thmen, worknesh degefa e ethiopia broke away early, and she ran alonfor the last t miles of the race. still to come onhe newshour: the democratic response to president trump's attacks on congresswoman ilhan omar. we speak with democratic presidential candidate andrew yang. amy walter and lisa lerer join us to discuss the race for 2020. and, much more.
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>> woodruff: president trump ramped up his attacks on democratic representive ilhan omar today. yamiche alcindor begins our coverage. >> and special thanks to representative omar of minnesota... oh, i forgot. she doesn't like israel. >> alcindor: president trump has repeatedly criticized controversial remarks by the slim lawmaker. he's taken aim at her language on social media, and her statements on israel. >> i want to talk about the political influence in this country that says it is okay for people to push for allegiance to a foreign country. >> alcindor: omar has insisted her comments have not been meant to be anti-semitic. >> the democrats have even allowed the terrible scourge of anti-semitism to take root in their party and in their country. >> alcindor: at campaign events
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and online, presidenp has tried to brand omar as anti-semitic. he has circulated ring videos of omar's past comments-- often without their full ntext. that includes this video from an event by the council on an-islamic relations las month. there, omar referenced the 9/11 attackers as "some people" who "did something." critics, including lawmakers, have accused omar of downplaying the terror attack that killed near 3,000 people. but omar's full remarks go on to address how, after the attack, muslims felt their civil liberties were targeted. then, last friday, president trump tweeted a deo of the 9/11 attacks alongside omar's comment. he wrote, "we will never forget," unleashina bitterde te and re-opening old wounds over the attacks. in response, house speaker nancy pelosi said the president's "hateful and inflammatory rhetoric creat a real danger." she called for mr. trump to take
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down the video, and said she had taken steps to ensure omar's safety. in a statement, omar said, "since the president's tweet friday evening, i have experienced an increase in direct threats on my life, many directly referencing or replying to the president's video." >> we now have a president who, for cheap political gain, is trying to divide us up.do >> alcin on the campaign trail over the weekend, veont senator bernie sanders and a flurry of presidential dmocratic candidates accu mr. trump of inciting violence ainst omar. >> but we live in a moment that compels us each to act. >> alcindor: south bend indianat mayor petegieg, who officially kicked off his 2020 campaign this weekend, defended omar. the navy veteran, who served in afghanistan after 9/11, wrote on twitter that terrorian only be defeated if we have leaders at home who defuse its capacity to show hate, hate against islam or against any number of others."
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rmer massachusetts governor bill weld, a republican, is today, he announced his 2020 challenge to president trump. for the pbs newshour, i'm yamiche alcindor. >> woodruff: sticking with the d campaign, lijardins has the latest installment in our series of one-on-one interviews with presidential contenders. >> desjardins: andrew yang may not yet have the name recognition of his opponents on the campaign trail, but the lawyer-turned-entrepreneur has steadily gained traction since announcing his bid for president more than a year ago. the son of taiwanese immigrants cleared the threshold to qualify for the first democratic debate later this summer. joins me now. let's start with something that was in the news this weekend. the clear feud and very significant words betweenen reprtive ilhan omar and president trump. what is your reaction to wha the two of them are saying? >> well, you know, i think thata her s were taken very much out of context, and it was really weeks after theact.
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one of the problems we're having right now is this manufactured outrage that's happening on both sides. certainly, i think that the president's tweet that seemed to suggest that r comments were somehow dishonoring the memory of 9/11 struck me as needlessly provocative and inciting hostility toward muslim americans. i twitted saying we'rell americans and we need to come together. i was personally in new york on 9/11, so i remember the day very well. >> you have an idea for universal basic1, income,0 per month to every adult in this country, and make it so peod ple wove to make a choice if they were on some other programs such as food stamps or snap or social security, and would have e choose what'stter for them, your money or the social security benefits and you woufld par it largely with a 10% value-added taxre yoaying you want to add a tax to most of the things we bue
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as it'g produced, and then you want to give us money in our paycheck. what does at to? >> if eryone watching this reflects on what a $1,r 0 a month pdividual would do for your household, that would be game changer for millions of americans. it would improve health, graduation rates would go up, it would improve your relationships and create millions of jobs eround the country. the reason we nd a value-added tax is right now the biggest winners from artificial intelligence and new technologies will be amazon and the big tech companies who now are paying in me cases literally zero in taxes which is the case of amazon. so we needke to p to the challenges of the 21s 21st economy, get more buying wer in the hands of americans, but also make sure the biggest companies don't beefit without paying their fair share. >> the economics confuse me. a quote you id in a town hall last night with cnn, you told
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viewertthe goal should no be soto save jobs, the goal would be trmake lives bet. but you're running on the premise we're going to losnte polly millions of jobs, and i'm not clear how increasing taxes which would ually take away some jobs, giving away eamoney that could in jobs, what's your vision for the economy as a whole? how do you lift up e theconomy and create more jobs or is that not your view. >> the goal is trickleconomy and putting $1,000 in hands of every american adult would create more than 2 million jobs in your economy because of increased demand for tutoring , rvices, car repairs, occasional night oips to the hardware store, all of these businesses would end up hiring people in our communities.ou >> sounds likeplan does not make up for the amount of jobs you think we ll be losing >> one of the examples i use is my wife sat home with our two young children, one of whom is
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autistic, and her work now isns not ered a job by the marketplace or g.d.p. or by our economic measurements, but we all know that she's doing some of the most important and difficult and challenging work. so what we nee id to dos we need to broaden our definition of what work is, andan mor more americans, hopefully, will be in position to do the work that they want to do i we put this economic buying power into their hands. >> you also want to broaden or change the definition of american saalthcare. yoyou want to get to universal single-payer government-run healthcare ultimately and phase that in. a brief conversation how long is the phase-in period? would we see universal healthcare in your first term in esident? >> it did would probably happen my second term because the plan is to lowetheligibility age or medicare. i am a medicare for all pulic option proponent. i would not outlaw or eliminate public health insurance but if
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we do aod enough job, there should not be as much need for private insurance in the market. >> you have mo policy proposals than anyone else running right now. if you just take a look at your web site, dozens of vry specific ideas that you have. for example, you would make, today, tax day ntional holiday. you think the ncaa should pay college athletes, put a term limit on supreme court justices and low interest voting age t 16. also you would decriminalize possessions of sml amounts of opioids including heroin. why? especially when we know opioids, especially in smll amounts, can be very addictive. >> that's why we deed kneed to decriminalize the use because, when i was in iowa, an 18-year-old high school student said to me cislassmates are addicted to fentanyl and heroin and that struck me as tragic so i started looking internationally for solutions.
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other countries have decriminalized opioid possession. t not a drug dealer, but if you're caught with a small supply, we should refer you toen treanot a jail cell, and in other couri that reduced usage over time o r. >> we are in a time of global tension and tre is u.s. presence around the globe. we've seeprotest and overthrow in africa. i.s.i.s. is weak but still surviving in syria. afghanistan is not fully stable. which one of those stuations would call for u.s. involvement if any and what kind oft. involvem what is your foreign policy vision? >> i would want to rebuild the partnerships and alliancesovhat we've ha the last numbers of years that in many cases have become very frayed because some of our longstanding allies now regard the united states as an unreliable partner. to me our foreign policy should
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reflect how we're doing at home. the reason why donald trump is our preside, in my opinion, is we have been falling apart at home. one of our job is to rebuild the american people, and our foreign policy should be more restrained and judicious. i would want to rebuild our partnerships and alliances and rely on the u.n. and multi-latel approaches to problems. >> would you pull out u.s. forces from afghanistan and syria altogether? >> over time, that should be the goal certainly we shouldn't have done it in the way that president trump did when he did it abruptly and didn't notify allies and some frien mine resigned in protest. if you're going to do smrks you have to do itpo reibly. but we have been in some of these contexts for many years, and at this point it's time to own the fact that we shou bring the troops home. >> andrew yang, democratic candidate for president. thanks for joining us. >> thank you. it's been a plasure. w
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>>oodruff: stay with us. coming up on the newshour: tiger woods cements his legacy with a come-from-behind victory at the masters tournament. and, cellisto-yo ma, on the power of culture to connect us. turning back now to the race for the white house and the divisions over representative omar's recent remark it is time for "politics monday," of course, with amy walter of the cook political report, and lisa leher, politics reporter for "new york times." hello tooth of you. it's "politics monday." so much so talk about. let's start witanew yang, he's one of the many presidential candidates out there on the democrac side and, by the way, we should say, amy, that today we had, on the republican side, we just learned in the last few hours bill well joining saying he will take one esident from the republican side.
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but you had andrew yang and yetu petetigieg joining the race. what is andrew yang's message? >> one of revolutionary, i'm not coming in to be a candidate just to throw some rather traditional ideas around, i'm going to in here and put these big, sort of dramatic ideas, like the universal basic income, like legalizing a small amount ofin hethese sorts of things, with the idea, perhaps, that it gets to be part of the conversation, even if he is nota thidate, he is not the front return, he doesn't stay in for very long, t spas a conversation within the rest of the party. this is what happens at tis point in most campaigns. you have a whole bunch of candidates. the field winnows out, but many candidates try to put as many y eas out there as possible hoping that if tn't last maybe one of their ideas will. >> can someone lik think shape the race in some
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way. >> he may. i think it tell us his popularity. he already qualified for the debate stage. tell us about the media environment and the political environment we live in now. this is someone who got those debate requirements by appearing on popular podcasts. he's, like, a podcast candidate. that's something we haven't seen ten years ago. he's a quirky candidate with some views thayou point out, fairly left wing, he supports medicare for allcu aning the federal workforce from 15 to 20% which doesn't ring well with democrats. dat we're in a place with podcasts cans having influence on the debate with no party support whatever. >> googood point. the bigger issue, we're in a stage called the invisible primary. before voters weigh in, all these other factors are supposed to infliewps the field, and
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some were written and unwritten rules. the written rules that have dechanged, the mocrats, one, you can get on stage now in a debate, not by just where yo're polling but how many individual donors you've put together, and the super delegate rule is changes. at this point a candidate could become a frontrun sr byying i have 150 super delegates before any ballots were cast, and hen the unwritten rules, which are now no longeri beng okay among democratic candidates, to take money from certain sources.r sucs, from big corporate donors. now everybody wants small donors, which is fine, but it means you're not going to gete these pping fundraising numbers like you say in 2016 or 2007. and the media also weighed in, too, saying, maybe we made a mistake in 2016 by trying to label people frontrunners too early. now we're not going to stay out. we're not going to have theame rush to put the frontrunner
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mantel on someone.dr >> wf: i want to ask you about pete buttigieg who is the flavor of the month is. he more than that.n i also wto ask you about the toney, but, quickly, about boo generally, has he shown staying power? >> i think he's shown he can get into the second or third tier to have the race, and who knows how we're count theegz days, but the question for him now is can hean builrganization, can he stay there, can he do the kinds of things you need to, not just to raise money, but t acually win votes. that's the great unknown. we can't know that, but wenl certsee he's a guy who saw a moment and capitalized it in a way that put hm into this race in a bigger way. i mean, this is someone who is a mayor of a mid-to-small-size city whose biggest accomplishment was losing the race for democratic national committee chairman. that's not traditionally been a requirement for the presidencyt 're in unchartered
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territory and who knows. >>d oodruff: he's defat we thought were the rules. >> though he fits very well this moment. in politics, you can an your whole life, to be perfectly ready to be president on this date, right -- 2020, i have i've checked all the boxbut the moment might not be right for you. you have to be in this moment. in 2018, the candidates who got the most attention, raised the most money, were the most ones soul were t different from anything we had ever seen before. they were brand-new to plitics, came from outside to have the traditional avenues for going into congress and petele buttigieg, we's had a long political career, he doesn't act or sound like your aditional presidential candidate. >> woodruff: meanwhile, president trump's campaign announced a record breaking number, tens of millions of dollars heraised just in the first quarter to have the year. >> that's a fairly eye popping
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number, and part of that is because unlike any other president he started running the time he won his first term, so it gave him time to raise money. but there has been a lot of energy on the democratic side about not taking money from super pacs, not taking corporate donation or holding big fundraisers, and that's something thte acivists in the party certainly like. it's something that the donors of the prty, well, it makes them a little bit nervous, and i think seeing that number is onl going rt of exaggerate and increase that divide and the debate on the democratic side. 2 8, there was not an incumbent presidential candate at that moment, but in 2007, hillary clinton and obama raised $50 million. you would probably have to puta four or fivedidates together to equal the $50 million.
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bernie sanders raised $18 million, the next closest senator harris raised $12 million. all right, those are the top to fundraisers. >> woodruff: how do you remember these numbers? i burned it into my brain. >> woodruff: she has it written on the back of her brain. >> i do. it goes to lisa's point which is, when you are raising money with this many people,i s -- with these new unwritten rules, raising the big, big dollars going to stand out. >> and we don't know how many of e plays. we haven't seen a presidential race so heavily dependent on small donors. midterms 2018, democrats did well. small donors will give to a bunch of different candidates in a midterm when they're not competing to each other. y'llon't know whether the give $5 to a bunch of presidential candidates or $10o. sone knows how this shakes out and that's what makes these big donors pretty nervous. >> woodruff: so fascinating to be thinking about this right now in early april. with weeks and weeks to go.
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>> never too early.uf >> woo and more announcements to come. amy walter, lisa lerer "politics monday," thank you. >> woodruff: 25 year an 18-year-old named eldrick woods won his first amateur golf championship. yesterday, the man who was so famous he later became known by one name won golf's best known 5major championship for t time. in between is a tale that our next guest says competes withpe shake. nick schifrin has the story of tiger woods' comeback. >> schifrin: youngest golfer ever to win a major. to win all four majors. to be ranked number one player of the year more than any other golfer. leading money winner of all time. at his peak, tig woods was not only considered the greatest golfer in modern history--re many consihim the greatest athlete. ia changed the face of golf
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fundamentally, ry, and socially. at the height of his career, golf got more viewers than basketball and football. he was one of the most famous men in the world. and then, the crash from grace. dozens of affairs. the mug shot. and injuries that made him predict he would never play again. but there he was yesterday, winning the masters-- his first major in 11 years.ge to talk about s comeback, i am joined by armen keteyian, the co-author of "tiger woods." armen, thank you so much for being on the "nebhour". talkut the arc from the height of his stardom to that d.u.i. photo in 2017. you wrote terday that shakespeare had nothing on what we're witnessing nowel >> i don't think so, when you talk about a rise and a fall, an epic fall from grace, and then this story of redemption. you know, the rise back toce promin but it's more -- i think, nic cause to have the depths that
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tiger fell to, i think it's a hole unlike any other athlete b celebritsinessman, you name it, has ever reached. it was rock bottom, and thenso . and then to rise out of that, not just to get healthy and to be able to waain, but to walk, you know, that final fairway at augusta yesterday, make the putt leaoding his fifth green jacket, it's like a fairytale, almost unimaginable. s> let's talk about rock bottom in two repects. the first respect, how bad did it get when it came to his affairs and his attitude to thee and his fans and everyone? >> it's safe to say, as you mentioned, there were multiple affairs beginning, well, shortly after he got married. it didn't slow tiger down at all. and it was just that coupled with the kind of person that he became. in many ways, as i mentioned,
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tiger was a machine. he was pgrammed almost like a computer to do one thing, which was to win golf tournaments, and it came with price, and that was what drove jeff benedict d i writing the book, what's the price and the cost of genius? and in tiger's case, it was a completely entitled person, an individual who showed very littleppreciation and gratitude for others who were doing things for him, even a simple thank ou at timess too much for tiger to offer. >> how bad was the pain? how bad did it get in terms of s back? >> well, for long stretches of time, i many many weeks and months, he could barely get out of bed. one stretch, he barm got out of bed for ten straight days. every step he took was pain personified, and there were points in time whe tiger flt, a, he could never swing a golf club again, butwas clear how he would be able to walk again. >> golf not only about
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physical ability, it's about mental ability. how do you think he wfrom that rock bottom to what we saw yesterday? >> well, he went through rehab, and i think he took a long look at himself in the mirror and said, is this the kind of father i want to be to my two children? he loves his kids. l eaved him -- >> his father. yes, and tita, the mother, loved but they loved him in a different way. i think tiger took om what he learned from his parents, what he did and didn't like, andrn a tremendous amount of love to his children. i think he looked in the mirro and said, really, is this the kind of dad i wanth my cildren to be around and raised by? and whatever he went through in rehab, whatever he said to himselor others said to him, it changed him. >> which brings us to the juxtaposition of two moments, i would say.e one,w this incredible video yesterday of tiger hugging
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his son right after he won, saying, i love you, son. and from 1997, of course, one of the most famous moments perhaps in the last few decades in gol history, tiger being embraced by his father earl, who said, i love you, son. >> when i saw him hug charlie, the first thing that came to mind is, oh, my god this is 1997 all over again, that ionic scene with earl right after he had won the maters by 12 strokes, and just a record-setting performance. that was the arrival of tiger woods in the biggest of ways and, really, truly the beginning of tiger mania for good or bad. then to see charlie there and t see the way tiger hugged him, at was aenerational hug, that was from father to son, to father to son. >> very quickly, the president s said that heill award tiger woods the presidential medal of freedom.
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does tiger woods deserve it? >> well, if it's for impact on the sport and influence in the game -- i mean, you referenced it, socially, culturally, financially, racially -- he gamed the game of golf and the ways of sports. so if we're talking about a lifetime achievement award for the influence he's had, he nabsolutely deserves it probably has a lifetime pass to play with president trump anytime, anyplace, so comes with a set of benefits there, too, i imagine. >> would imagine so. armen keteyian, co-author of a tiger woods executive producer of "the athletic," thank you so much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: he has recorded more than 100 albums, performed in every marquee concert hall around the world, and played for eight u.s. presidents. but this weekend, renowned cellist yo-yo ma played two
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outdoor concerts-- one in laredo, texas; the other jt across the bridge in nuevo laredo, mexico. his intention: highlight the connection between the two countries, regardless of the current policies and politics of the border. the performances were also part of ma's ongoing bach project. he is playing johann sebastian bach's six cello suites in 36 countries around the world. tonight, yoyo ma shares his humble opinion on why culture matters. >> i am 63 years old, and i've been playing this four-stringed instrument forars. the prélude to bach's first cello suite is the first piece i ever learned. ldd i still love it. i was four yearst the time. one measure each day. ♪ ♪
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as a child, the simple accolishment of being able to play a whole song was very satisfying but over the years, i have come to see that this music has a different force. it can heal; it can inspire; it can create wonder. and it was written almost 300 years ago, by a man who never traveled more than a few hundred mis from the place where he was born. but whenever i play it for an audience, i see that it still atspeaks to us, no matter year we're living in, where we are, or what language we speak. this isn't just bach. food, art, science, storytelling-- they all help us to understand ourselves, each other, and our environment, through head and heart. this is culture. by calling on the imagination o each ous is born with, and the powers of observation we all
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have, culture help our story. just as bach did, 300 years agot s his music does, today. his music, like all of culture, tells a story that's about us, about our neighbors, about our land, our community, our country, our planet, our universe. a story that brings all of us together as a e ecies. i beliat culture is essential to our survival. it is how we invent, how we bring the new and the old together, and how we can all imagine a better future. ♪ ♪ i used to say that culture needs a seat at the table, an eql partn our economic and political conversation. i now believe that it is the ground on which everything else is built. it is where the global and local, rural and urban, present
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and future confront one another. culture turns the other into us, and it does this through trust, imagination, and empathy. so, let's tell each other our stories and make it our epic, one for the ages. woodruff: and that is the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. join us online, and again right here tomorrow evening. for all of us at theur pbs newsthank you, and we'll see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language program that teaches language, like spani, french, german, alian, and more. >> bnsf railway. >> consumer cellular.
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>> financial services fi raymond james. >> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century. >> supported by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting.by anontributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by ,newshour productioc
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caioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs.
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♪ ♪ hello, everyone, and welcome
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to "amanpour & company." here's what's coming up. >> he just undressed me and tole i ou. >> 25 years since the rwandan genocide one woman tells us how giving birth during the slaughter saved herife. th a crash course on lessons learned climbing the ceer ladder. top bbc journalist michelle hussein reveals the vital skills she thinks all women should know. plus, life and death in rikers island. the formeredical in the jail exposes the everyday horrors. ♪

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